This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Essential Guide to Interrogation and Torture: CIA KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual, Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual, Art and. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.

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Is he to be paid?

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation

Even a rough preliminary estimate, if valid, can be a boon to the interrogator because it will permit him to start with generally sound tactics from the beginning – tactics adapted to the personality of the source.

But the assumption of hostility — or at least the use of pressure tactics at the first encounter — may make difficult subjects even out of those who would respond to recognition of individuality interrogahion an initial assumption of good will.

It is a profound mistake to write off counnterintelligence successfully resistant interrogatee or counterinteoligence whose questioning was ended before his potential was exhausted. One textbook on interrogation lists the following physical indicators of emotions and recommends that interrogators note them, not as conclusive proofs but as assessment aids:.

Provocation agents are sometimes directed to “defect” in their counterintellgience areas, and friends or relatives already in place may be hostile assets. A-2 But the entire chapter on coercive techniques is still provided with some items crossed out. Refusals should be recorded, as well as indications that the walk-in has been briefed on interrogatkon technique by another service.

Archived from the original on I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 20 business days, as the statute requires. In some interrogatees the ego-demands, the need to save face, are so intertwined with preservation of the cover story that calling the man a liar will merely intensify resistance.

In the opening phases of interrogation, or in a quick interrogation, we are compelled to make some use of the shorthand of categorizing, despite distortions. Because he is not always capable of distinguishing between fact and fantasy, he may be unaware of lying.

The definitions, legal considerations, and coynterintelligence of interrogators and sources, as well as Section VI coumterintelligence screening and other preliminaries, are relevant to all kinds of interrogations. Cooperative witnesses may be coached to exaggerate so that if a recording is played for the interrogatee or a confrontation is arranged, the source — for example, a suspected courier — finds the witness overstating his importance.

Although these methods appear here in an approximate order of increasing pressure, it should not be inferred that each is to be tried until the key fits the lock. The choice of methods depends in part upon the answer to this question. The interrogator who counyerintelligence pretends, in his surface performance, to feel a given emotion or to hold a given attitude toward the source is likely to be unconvincing; the source quickly senses the deception.


At the first meeting with the interrogatee it is usually a good idea interrogafion the interrogator to spend some time in the same kind of quiet, friendly exchange interrogationn characterized the screening interview.

It is very helpful if the screener can imaginatively place himself in the subject’s position.

Experienced interrogators recognize this effect when it appears and know that at this moment the source is far more open to suggestion, far likelier to comply, than he was just before he experienced the shock.

In this small world of two inhabitants a clash of personalities — as distinct from a conflict of purposes — assumes exaggerated force, like a tornado in a wind-tunnel. In the June 11 to 18, four-part series, The Baltimore Sun printed excerpts of an interview with Florencio Caballero, a former member of Battalion They tend to think things through logically and to act deliberately.

The report suggests forcing the detainee to stand at attention for long periods of time. The interrogator should decide whether a confession is essential to his purpose or whether information which may be held by others as well as the unwilling source is really his goal. At any rate, the purpose of the reconnaissance is to provide a quick testing of the assumption and, more importantly, to probe the causes, extent, and intensity of resistance. If in the opinion of the interrogator a totally resistant source has the skill and determination to withstand any con-coercive method or combination of methods, it is better to avoid them completely.

Such typologies also cause disagreement even among professional psychiatrists and psychologists. The main defector reception center in Oberursel, near Frankfurt, West Germany. Another advantage of the tape is that it can be played back later.

Unless a shock effect is desired, the transition from the screening interview to the interrogation situation should not be abrupt. The interrogator who is dealing with an orderly-obstinate character should avoid the role of hostile authority.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

In such circumstances the interrogator needs all the help that he can get. Not being saddled with this chore leaves them free to concentrate on what sources say, how they say it, and what else they do while talking or listening. As one expert has said, “Anyone who proceeds without consideration for the disjunctive power of anxiety in human relationships will never learn interviewing. Ines Consuelo Murillo, who spent 78 days in Battalion ‘s secret jails insaid she was given no food or water for days, and one of her captors entered her room every 10 minutes and poured water over her head to keep her from sleeping.

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The first is a specific negative reaction to the interrogator. The desire for approval provides the interrogator with a handle. In the course of several sessions conducted without note-taking, the subject is likely to fall into the comfortable illusion that he is not talking for the record. They tend to counterintellligence promises, to cast the interrogator in the role of protector and problem-solver; and it is important that the interrogator avoid making any specific promises that cannot be fulfilled, because the optimist turned vengeful is likely to prove troublesome.

If withholding, they can often be handled effectively by the Mutt-and-Jeff technique discussed later in this paper. Pressure interrogqtion or hostility will make them retreat inside themselves, whereas reassurance will bring them out. Would you care to tell me your side of the story?

In dealing with this type — and to a considerable extent in dealing with any of the types herein listed — the interrogator must be aware of the limits and pitfalls of rational persuasion. Less well known is the trick of planting two informants in the cell. Both the Germans and the Chinese have used this trick effectively. This sort of person cannot tolerate success and goes through life failing at critical points.

While the excerpts mnual by the Pentagon are a useful and not misleading selection of the most egregious passages, the ones most clearly advocating torture, execution and blackmail, they do not provide adequate insight into the manuals’ highly objectionable framework. He may even have a system of morality that is all his own. The proprietary interests of the host government will frequently dictate interrogation by a liaison service rather than by KUBARK.

The manuals describe coercive techniques to be used “to induce psychological regression in the subject by bringing a superior outside force to bear on his will to resist. Accusations levelled at him by the interrogator are likely to trigger such false confessions.

The real kibark seems to him empty and meaningless, in contrast with the mysteriously significant world that he has made. Please let me know when I can expect to receive a response, or if further clarification kubsrk needed.

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